Many parts of the United States are feeling the uncomfortable effects of high temperatures and humidity before the official first day of summer. Heat-related medical issues can occur before you even realize it.
Know Before You Go Outside
The temperature outside might be 85 but with the humidity the “feels like” temperature could in the 90s or even hit the century mark. The best way to find out is to turn a weather channel on the television or check the weather-related apps on smart phones and digital devices.
- Heat rash, sometimes called prickly rash, happens when the sweat ducts to the skin become clogged or swell causing itching.
- Heat cramps occur in muscles after exercise because sweating causes the body to lose water, salt and minerals.
- Heat edema causes feet and hands to swell when sitting or standing for a long time in a hot environment.
- Heat fainting occurs from low blood pressure when heat causes the blood vessels to expand and body fluids move into the legs from gravity.
- Heat exhaustion develops when someone is working or exercising in hot weather and doesn’t drink enough liquids to replace lost liquids. The same is true for pets and livestock.
- Heat stroke occurs when the body fails to regulate its own temperatures, and it body temps rise too high.
Preventing Heat-Related Medical Problems
It is essential to know how to stay as cool as possible during the dog days of summer, which have started earlier than before. It is also essential to know how to keep pets and livestock cool and hydrated.
US Media Studios recommends drinking plenty of water before going outside. Also, be sure to keep pet water bowls filled with clean fresh water all day, and especially if they are outside for any length of time. The same is true for livestock. Wear loose, lightweight and light colored clothing to deflect the sun and heat. Go inside if feeling too hot or lightheaded. Stay safe this summer.